General Health

Gingivitis vs Periodontitis | Top 4 Gingivitis Signs | 2021

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Gingivitis is a bacterial infection that causes inflammation of the gingival tissue. There is no attachment loss, hence the junctional epithelium does not migrate, unlike in periodontitis. The gingival epithelium’s soft tissue and connective tissue are affected.

Gingivitis is the most frequent of all the periodontal disorders. Gingivitis is classified into several types based on the appearance, length, severity, and cause of the illness.

However, plaque-induced persistent gingivitis is the most common kind. Swelling, redness, discomfort, a gleaming surface, and bleeding on moderate probing describe the gingival tissues clinically. Because gingivitis seldom causes spontaneous bleeding and is often painless, many people are unaware of their condition and do not seek treatment.

Do you know what Gingivitis & Periodontal Disease are?

Gingivitis, often known as periodontal disease, is a condition that affects the gums. Do you recognize the warning signs?

Gingivitis (also known as periodontal disease or gum disease) is a fairly prevalent condition in the United States, affecting over half of all individuals. Did you realize, however, that gum disease is entirely avoidable?

Periodontal disease is caused by a buildup of plaque and other substances on the teeth, which erodes tooth enamel and affects the gums and teeth’s fragile tissues.

When teeth aren’t properly cared for, inflammation (also known as gingivitis) can develop, leading to gum disease. Periodontal therapy at Stone brook Family Dental can help to reverse the early stages of gum disease.

What’s Gingivitis?

Gingivitis is a frequent and mild type of periodontal disease (gum disease) that produces gingiva inflammation, irritation, and redness. Gingivitis produces toothaches when plaque, a film of bacteria, forms along the gum line and infects the gums.


Gingivitis develops when bacteria-laden plaque builds up on teeth, producing toxins that irritate the gums. Gingivitis is characterised by bleeding, swollen, painful, inflamed, or red gums. It’s critical to keep gingivitis under control so that it doesn’t turn into a more dangerous form of gum disease.

Your best weapon against gingivitis is everyday plaque cleaning. Smoking, stress, hormonal fluctuations, poor diet, medicines, and chronic conditions are all potential causes of gingivitis.

What is Periodontitis?

Periodontitis is a chronic inflammatory condition that affects the gingiva, ligaments, and alveolar bone under the teeth.

Gingivitis, Periodontitis, and Gum Disease: What’s the Difference?

There may be some misunderstanding about the medical language used to describe gum disease, but it is very straightforward. Gum disease encompasses all phases of periodontal disease, including gingivitis and periodontitis.

Early (and reversible) gum disease, characterised by red, swollen gums that bleed readily when brushed or flossed, is known as gingivitis. If gingivitis is not treated, it can proceed to periodontitis, a more dangerous (non-reversible) stage of gum disease.


Periodontitis damages the gums, bone, and connective tissue that keep teeth in place, loosening them until they come out. Gum disease is one of the common reasons for tooth loss.

How can you tell if you have Gingivitis and Periodontitis?

Here are some pointers from Crest on how to recognize the difference:


Periodontitis is uncommon in teenagers, although they might develop gingivitis.


Chewing pain might indicate that your periodontal disease has advanced from gingivitis to periodontitis.

Dental Health

Your teeth should be firmly in place if you have gingivitis, however your gums may be inflamed, red, and swollen. Periodontitis is more common if a tooth or teeth are loose.


Because of the presence of extra bacteria in your mouth, if your gingivitis has advanced to periodontitis, you may notice that you have persistently bad breath.



Bacteria are found in everyone’s mouth. The majority of bacteria are common, harmless, and natural. Plaque, a sticky, virtually undetectable coating on the teeth, is caused by a few species of bacteria.

Bacteria and plaque can create an infection where your teeth touch your gums if you don’t brush and floss them regularly and properly.

Tartar, which is more difficult to remove, forms as plaque hardens. Tartar can trap more germs, aggravate gingivitis, and make it worse.

Points to Remember

  1. Gingivitis is a minor infection of the gums that causes redness and swelling. It’s a symptom of bad dental hygiene.
  2. It is caused by the accumulation of plaque on your teeth as a result of insufficient brushing and flossing.
  3. Gums that are red and sensitive, as well as bleeding when brushing or flossing, are symptoms.
  4. Gingivitis may normally be treated at home with regular dental hygiene, such as brushing your teeth twice a day and flossing once a day.
  5. Gingivitis can proceed to more serious gum disorders known as periodontitis if left untreated, however this is not always the case.

Four Common Gingivitis Signs

Here’s a rundown of the four most common gingivitis symptoms to help you recognize them:

1. Gums that bleed

You may encounter bleeding gums as one of the early signs of gum disease. Gingivitis is caused by bleeding gums, therefore if you see blood during brushing or flossing, you may have gingivitis. Even if you only notice blood every now and again, don’t dismiss it since it might indicate that you’re getting gum disease.

2. Diseased Breath

There are a variety of reasons why you could have foul breath or halitosis as it is known medically. It might be a reaction to something you ate or an indication that you aren’t properly caring for your teeth and gums, but it could also be a symptom of gingivitis.

Because the bacteria associated with gum disease produces a foul odor when it breaks down food particles in your mouth, this is the case. Bad breath is an embarrassment and an annoyance, but it might also be an indicator that you’re developing gum disease.

3. Gums of Swollen

The color of your gums should be pink and firm. Take a thorough look inside your mouth the next time you wash your teeth – red, puffy, swollen gums might be a sign of gingivitis and a hint that you need to take better care of your gums.

4. Receding Gums

Check your teeth in the mirror to check whether you have any receding gums. This is when your gums begin to recede from your teeth, revealing the root beneath. You could notice that your teeth appear to be a little longer or that there is a notch where the gum meets the tooth (the gum line).

Tooth sensitivity is another symptom of gum recession. Gum recession is a rather frequent condition. If you see them, it’s time to figure out what’s causing them and what you can do to prevent them from worsening.

Did you know that pain is a common way for your body to notify you to a problem, yet gingivitis isn’t often painful?

This may lead to it being neglected. Usually, something else, such as inadequate brushing technique or a tooth abscess, is to blame for uncomfortable, swollen gums. If your gums are painful and irritated, go to your dentist to figure out what’s causing the problem.


Risk Factors

Periodontal disease is made more likely by the following factors:

  • Smoking.
  • Diabetes.
  • Stress.
  • Heredity.
  • Oral hygiene issues.
  • Teeth that are crooked.
  • Fillings that have deteriorated.
  • Taking anti-diarrheal medications.
  • Bridges that are no longer in good working order.
  • Hormonal changes in women, such as those associated with pregnancy or the use of oral contraceptives.

Gingivitis: How to Avoid It

As previously said, the greatest strategy to avoid gingivitis is to practise regular dental hygiene.

Here are some ideas on how to care for it:

  1. Brush twice a day at the very least.
  2. Remember to wash your teeth and your tongue.
  3. Use a mouthwash that is antibacterial.
  4. Scrape the back of your tongue with a tongue scraper.

Remember to visit your dentist on a regular basis, not just to maintain your teeth white, but also to have your gums examined.

You and your dentist may talk about the best solutions for your personal needs, and you’ll be able to relax knowing that you’ll have a bright future of oral health.

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